Regarding the various conventions we mostly follow MADX in order to provide a smooth transition from one program to the other and hence the user may refer to 1 (Chapter 1) for details.

  • Units for the various physical quantities follow the MADX definitions (see 1, Chapter 1.8).

  • The phase-space coordinates used for particle tracking are (x, px, y, py, t, pt) (see 2 for details).

  • A right-handed curvilinear coordinate system is assumed (see 1, Chapter 1.1).

Similar analogies with MADX hold for the various commands and their parameters.


Hans Grote, Frank Schmidt, Laurent Deniau and Ghislain Roy, “The MAD-X Program (Methodical Accelerator Design) Version 5.02.08 - User’s Reference Manual, 2016


F. Christoph Iselin, “The MAD program (Methodical Accelerator Design) Version 8.13 - Physical Methods Manual”, 1994